There are many reasons why we shouldn’t regulate artificial intelligence, or “A.I.,” and one reason why we should.

The case against regulation was argued most recently in a New York Times op-ed that gave at least three reasons: 1) nobody can agree on what even constitutes A.I., 2) machines have been doing “smart” things for a long time, and nobody saw fit to regulate them, and 3) if humans aren’t given visibility into what the silicon brains are doing, then we should pass legislation that ensures it.